Why strength is so important… even if you don’t care about body building or competitions

Today I’d like to talk a little bit about resistance training, more specifically as a tool to develop strength and build/maintain muscles. This component of fitness is crucial for everyday’s life wellbeing, important for everyone to understand.

Unfortunately, there are a lot of misconceptions around it, which ultimately results in people avoiding to engage in this beneficial activity. The fear of becoming “too big” (especially for women), the perception it is not necessary or boring, the impression you are doing it although in reality you are not, or that “going to the gym” is the same as training your strength.

In this and a few following articles I’d like to clear out some common misconceptions. Let’s start by discussing why training for strength or muscle mass is not the same thing as “building big muscles”, and to point out a few reasons why everyone should be serious of this component of fitness (even if they couldn’t care less about becoming huge or sport specific performance).

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Fast as Usain Bolt… But dumb as a monkey

Usain Bolt
Usain Bolt: holder of multiple world records and considered by many as the greatest sprinter of all time for how he constantly dominated all of his opponent.

Let me ask you two questions. Think of Usain Bolt. Do you think he is faster than you?

I bet so. Now the second question: think of a monkey. Primates are certainly very intelligent animals. But, among the animal kingdom, no species can compete with the intellectual capabilities of ourselves, the homines sapientes, the “species who has knowledge”. So, let me ask you: do you think you are more intelligent than a monkey?

I have good news and  bad news. The good news is: you are not (necessarily) slower than Usain Bolt. The bad new is: you are not (necessarily) smarter than a monkey. And while I assure you I mean not to insult you, this  is a crucial fact  to  understand if we want to live a better life and to achieve our goals.  Let’s see why.

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So, are things getting better or not?

We tend to laugh at the obvious blunders of people of the past who, lacking adeguate scientific development, made decisions based on superstitions and implausible beliefs , even when it mattered most (such as health or legal trials).

We think we are different. We think we are doing things in an “obviously right” way and from the right mindset. In other words, we implicitely assume we are already applying something as the Functional Mindset (approaching a given goal with a strategy that is in line with the currently available knowledge about that topic),  and we would never imagine our decisions being in such an open contrast with currently available scientific facts.

But how justified is this assumption? I would argue that, despite the obvious and massive increase in the available scientific knowledge, we are less functional than ever. Continue reading “So, are things getting better or not?”

What can happen when we fail to use the Functional Mindset?

Imagine a very powerful and wealthy man has a medical emergency, dangerous yet not lethal. As you may expect, such man is treated by the most respected and capable medical professional in his country, which happen to be one of the most technologically and scientific leaders in the world.

Yet, the man dies. Not because of his initial health issue, but because he is made ill by the treatment provided by his physicians. And not because they made a mistake, but because they willingly decided to ignore established medical facts relevant to the condition of this man. What would you think of that?

This is not a hypothetical scenario. Let’s this stunning example of the harmful consequences that we have to face when we fail to use a Functional Mindset.

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Why the Functional Mindset is more important then ever? Great power comes with great responsibilities

As we have seen, there has been incredible changes from the perspective of scientific knowledge, not only in generic “sciency” stuff, but more importantly (for our purposes), regarding very practical matters that are relevant to the quality of our everyday life.

This progress has occurred at an unbelievably fast pace as compared to all of history, because we now understand the utility of using methodically a scientific approach. Discoveries don’t “just happen” anymore, we are out there looking for them, and we have a rather precise understanding on how to seek for new scientific data and (even more importantly) how to successfully choose between competing theories.

Only a few decades ago, there was absolutely no factual knowledge about the effects of either physical activity or nutrition on health. No knowledge on the habits that may promote or hinder happiness. No information of which factors promote a lasting relationship and which are most likely to end up with a divorce. No data on how prevent or treat mental disorders or, more in general, disabling or hamful mental elements such as anxiety or stress.

This has the potential to drammaticaly change our lives for the better. Unfortunately, so far we only managed to use only a small fraction of that potential.

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From obesity to dead children. Why strategy matters in real life

Summary post of the discussion of a few examples of how people waste plenty of resources, time and effort to achieve literally nothing when they fail to think strategically. We’ll see how this is one of the leading reasons behind people having difficulties with achieving something and facing hardship due to situations that could have easily been avoided. We’ll see mostly circumstances that most of us can face in real life, but we’ll also see how sometimes the consequences of natural thinking and behaviour can be much worse. Continue reading “From obesity to dead children. Why strategy matters in real life”

Would you bet on your child’s life?

The last example we’ll discuss on how strategy is crucial and why it matters in real life is taken from my introductory lecture on critical thinking, and it is probably the most important. Imagine your child (or any other, if you aren’t a parent) becoming ill. His or her condition is bad, but easily curable. As generally happens with anything, health included, there are several available solutions. How to know which one is the best to choose? Is it enough to simply have the best intentions, the highest will to do the best for our children, and the strong belief of doing the right thing? Sadly, the answer is clearly no.

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Why dogs love strategy

We’ve seen how, without understanding strategy, people may incur in adverse consequences. We’ve seen how we can fail at learning a language or at losing weight. Let’s start to see a couple of examples that can have much sadder outcomes. The first one comes from the field of dog training. Dogs are an important part of the life of many of us, but unfortunately people tend to understand very little about their behaviour. Continue reading “Why dogs love strategy”

Forecasting the future by understanding strategy

With the Functional Mindset, you need not to let things just happen and complain if they end up being not what you expected. By thinking strategically, you will be able to predict the future… to some reasonable extent. Not because of some mystical form of divination, but simply thanks to a reasonable analysis of all the factors and how they will affect the possible outcomes.
One of the most important thing to rely on will be the past experience, and using it as a testing tool to asses what will work in the future and what will not. Although there are some pitfalls, this is an amazingly simply but powerful tool… and yet we generally fail at taking advantage of it. Continue reading “Forecasting the future by understanding strategy”

Why diets fail

Image credit: “Miracle Cure! – Health Fraud Scams” by FDA graphic by Michael J. Ermarth.

An example of how strategy is important that is both very common and very practical: weight loss. In the Western society body weight is a concern to many, with some countries having as much as half or more of the people claiming they wished to lose weight. About one third reports to be seriously trying to lose weight. And yet, most people fail at dieting to such an extent that obesity is only rising all the time at unprecedented speed. Let’s see why. Continue reading “Why diets fail”